Header 9

Latgale shares its history with Latvia and has been ruled by numerous powers. The influence of these powers have left a remarkable and unique footprint of the culture of Latgale, which is expressed in traditions, architecture, music, drama and day-to-day life.

The history of Latgale is divided into multiple stages:

25f4703882953ee8362a6cc4d392e0faec7ba856

The age of Jersika: At the beginning of Middle Ages several local tribes united in a larger clan which occupied the general territory of Latgale as well as some parts of Russia and Belarus. At the peak of power, the local tribes covered almost half of Latvia. It is believed that Latvian language has its roots in Latgale.

The age of Livonia: At the beginning of 13th century, the kingdom of Jersika was defeated by Bishop Albert and his order of Sword Brothers. The lands of Latgale were included in the kingdom of Livonia and ruled by German bishops. Livonia stretched through current Latvian and Estonian territories.

595566b677d9528f2afba7b77a2cfcf4f2238dda

The rule of Poland: In 1561, Latgale was added to the Polish kingdom – Rzeczpospolita as a part of Lithuanian province, which lasted for more than 200 years. This was a very important period for the cultural and architectural development. Catholicism was established and engrained in the region.

Tsarist Russia: In 1772, Poland was divided and Latgale was allocated to the Russian empires region of Pskov and later Vitebsk Governorate as the province of Daugava. At the beginning of 19th century, a stronghold was built in Daugavpils owing to an increasing threat from Napoleon. This has been an important military outpost for Russia.

4e4ee12d73d49153ca8cc71884e95e2b4f8c659d

First Latvian National Awakening: The idea of an independent Latvia became a reality at the beginning of the 20th century and Latgale was declared a part of the new country. Two years later Latvia officially signed a peace treaty with Russia, which forfeited any claims to territories in Latgale.

Soviet Era: At the aftermath of World War 2, Latvia found itself once again under foreign rule – this time under the Soviet Union. This lasted until the collapse of USSR in 1990. This period saw drastic changes to the ethnic situation in the region – Latvian nationals were exchanged with Russians.

Restoration of independence: The Republic of Latvian restored its independence in 1990. Latgale became the Eastern border of Europe when Latvia joined EU in 2004.

 

Twitter

Feb 20
RT @J_Hermanis: Atjaunojamās enerģijas īpatsvars ES 🇪🇺 valstīs https://t.co/WiNTfv9zX6 https://t.co/SkfSwTbU3s
Feb 20
RT @CulinaryLatgale: Andrejs Svilāns: “Lauku ceļotāja” pārmetumi ir bezkaunība vai vienkārši muļķība? https://t.co/nroqxb0z7w
Feb 20
Rast atbildi uz jautājumu – Vai manas idejas realizācijai ir pieejams ES fondu, programmu finansējums - https://t.co/Qe0L2nllCT
Feb 08
RT @LV_portals: Attaisnotie izdevumi – jaunas normas. Skaidrojam, ko #derzināt un kā iesniegt deklarāciju --> https://t.co/0iytcxNFie #skai
Feb 08
RT @EM_gov_lv: #ESfondi atbalstu daudzdzīvokļu māju #energoefektivitāte paaugstināšanai varēs saņemt vairāk iedzīvotāju: https://t.co/JCE5k